Although work-life balance has traditionally been assumed to involve the devotion of equal amounts of time to paid work and non-work roles, Recently, the concept has been recognized as more complex and has been expanded to include new components.
A recent study investigated and quantified three aspects of work/life balance.
-Work-life balance, which refers to the amount of time spent on work and non-work activities.
– Involvement balance, which refers to the level of psychological commitment to work and non-work roles.
-Job-life balance, or how satisfied you are with your work and non-work roles.
Someone who works two days a week and spends the rest of the week with his or her family, for example, may be unbalanced in terms of time (i.e., equal measures of work and life), but may be equally committed to the work and non-work roles (balanced involvement), and may be highly satisfied with the level of involvement in both work and family (balanced satisfaction). A person who works 60 hours per week, does not enjoy his or her job, and spends the rest of the time pursuing preferred outside activities may be time-balanced but unbalanced in terms of involvement and satisfaction. As a result, achieving balance necessitates thinking about it from a variety of angles. The major goal of Sarah Holly and Al
wine Mohnen’s (2012) study, “Impact of Working Hours on Work-Life Balance,” was to look at the impact of employees’ working hours on their job satisfaction. They explain that the general number of the workers wants to scale back their working hours is influenced mainly by the overtime compensation. Their study result shows that generally the long working hours don’t cause the dissatisfaction among the workers, but long working hours have a positive effect on the employee’s life and job satisfaction and therefore the desire to scale back the long working hours have a negative impact on the work satisfaction of the workers .
However, the work – life balance situation gets worse counting on the amount of young children who need care and support of their mother. On the opposite hand, if the wife employee is in a position to debate with the functional head at workplace about her work – life balance problems then she is able to an excellent extent to scale back the work – life imbalance she is experiencing. Therefore, the organizations should make sure that women employees with low work – life balance index are given adequate counseling in order that they will manage their work – life balance problems and affect the psychological and physiological problems associated with work – life imbalance. This will end in improvement in their productivity and enhance their performance.
Moreover, obtained unique findings about the minimum requirements for implementing flextime effectively. They could assist organizations to address the challenges that employees face. Measuring the Work-Life Balance of individuals Who don’t Have Children” stated that ladies’ employee who have children experience more work – family conflict than work – life conflict. On the contrary women employees who don’t have children experience more work – life conflict and fewer work – family conflict as compared to their counterparts who have children. For women workers, who are with children psychological distress have more work – life conflicts then family conflicts. The research also showed that there was a direct correlation between turnover intentions of employees and work – family conflicts. When the employees’ experience excessive work – family conflict then their intention to quite their job increases as they’re unable to manage the duties and responsibilities of their family life because of the demands of their job. On the opposite hand, if employees have children and that they experience more of life – work conflict then also the intention to turnover increases by an outsized extent as the pressures and activities reception including mainly childcare activities makes it difficult to hold out the responsibilities and duties at work.
Work-Life-Balance among Married Women Employees,” consistent with Reddy et al (2010). The study’s goal was to investigate the many elements that could lead to Work-Family Conflict and Work-Family Conflict among married women employees. Work Family Conflict and Family Work conflict questionnaires were administered on 90 married working women of age between 20 and 50 years. The findings of the study emphasized the need to create interventions for the management of Work Family Conflicts at organizational level as it is related to job satisfaction and performance of the employees.
A Qualitative Analysis’ thorough and compared the workers with different work-experience starting from 1-3 years, 4-7 years and 8 years and above. A semi structured interview was conducted on 15 employees within the age bracket of 25-50 which was analyzed through thematic analysis. The findings suggested that there’s an influence of interpersonal relations and perceived stress on work-life balance, the extent of perceived stress and interpersonal relation is different within the different work experience groups. The coping strategies reported by the employees were also discussed in the study.
According to Cannel (2005), work-life balance is fundamentally linked with gender issues. They find evidence in the study “A Really Good Husband: Work-Life Balance, Gender Equity, and Social Change” that men and women are generally linked to the spears of work and home, respectively. However, this spear now is weakening; men and women divide their time into both home and work. This study also discusses that increasing number women friendly work policies are helping the women in managing the balance well. On the other hand, the same polies work against men’s commitments towards their household as household work is still considered a woman’s work. This study suggests that there should be equal policies for both men and women to maintain the work-life balance.